John England Right click on a word to use the thesaurus. Encouraged by his wife, Macbeth achieved his ambition and realized the prediction of the witches by murdering Duncan and becoming king of Scotland in his place. Use a colon after an independent clause to direct attention to a list, an appositive, or a quotation. Again, the object is to aid the reader. Quotation Marks Use quotation marks to enclose direct quotations, the exact words someone spoke or wrote.
You could see the veins almost bursting out of the teachers head as he filled with anger. Parallelism If two or more ideas are parallel they are easier for the reader to grasp if they are expressed in parallel grammatical form. Ending with a digression, or with an unimportant detail, is particularly to be avoided. Use the word not as a means of denial or in antithesis, never as a means of evasion. A symmetrical body, for instance, is desirable because it is an indicator of health and fitness… If we scratch the text in red then we can start much closer to the actual topic: Better: Evolutionary biology can provide insight into our perception of beauty.
Course, readability, readability indices, information, improvement, analyze, analysis, writing, and even the word you and your. It was hard to read and I hope you didn't think that's effective writing. The former showed himself to be an artist of the first rank, while the latter proved itself fully deserving of its high reputation. At this point in time, in order to continue improvement, think about the areas in which your writing can be improved. Often, it is during revision that wordiness becomes apparent. It was both a long ceremony and very tedious.
Mary hated the fact that she had to work on Mondays. This is true not only in narrative principally concerned with action, but in writing of any kind. Usually the group functions as a unit so the noun should be treated as singular; if the members of the group function as individuals, treat the noun as plural. Every sentence has to build on the last until the essay is somewhat of an architectural wonder. Writers always want readers to be able to find the main idea of a sentence easily, so they set off extra information with dashes or parentheses. Shakespeare does not portray Katharine as a very admirable character, nor does Bianca remain long in memory as an important character in Shakespeare's works.
This type of writing always establishes a purpose while addressing a specific audience. This objection, however, does not usually hold when the order is interrupted only by a relative clause or by an expression in apposition. For you grammar purist, yes, some of these prepositions are used as infinitives. Create your own list of clichés by listening for them on radio talk-shows and casual conversation. Circle forms of to be. Now imagine it 25-30% leaner by eliminating fillers alone.
Remove apostrophes from these words. Look at the passages before and after the words you found and check if you are using someone else's words or ideas. Paragraphs should be aligned to the left at the zero or null point on the Microsoft Word ruler. If the summary is in the present tense, antecedent action should be expressed by the perfect; if in the past, by the past perfect. The application of this rule, when dialogue and narrative are combined, is best learned from examples in well-printed works of fiction. The examples, however, are our own.
In the process of starting a new business, I hired an assistant. This verb form does not convey any action and may make your sentence needlessly wordy. Passive Voice If the subject of the sentence performs the action, the verb and sentence are in the active voice. In most cases, you can avoid the filler, as shown in the second example in the next column. The unskilful writer often violates this principle, from a mistaken belief that he should constantly vary the form of his expressions.
Pay particular attention to sections you struggled to get out. Avoid using the pronoun it indefinitely in constructions like the following It is said on television. The power of the president. He became President in 1889. Note: all of the examples below are of errors in pronoun reference. A driver whohas been drinking is likely to speed. Not all the members were present.
Active: Sean gave the book to Marcie. Due to the fact that we have limited resources, we will need to ration our daily intake. . That Delete unless it is essential for making the sentence clear. The ceremony was both long and tedious. Douglas Davis While spell-checking programs serve as a good tool, they should not be relied upon to detect all mistakes.
It is best that you consider rewording, rephrasing, and removing all of the errors identified withthese colored underlines before final submission. The active voice is usually more direct and vigorous than the passive: I shall always remember my first visit to Boston. Adjectives and participial phrases can often be moved to the beginning of a sentence. Here are some examples and observations on the subject. This will help you write. Pretend you are a security guard and all modifiers adjectives, adverbs, articles, etc.