British Education in India I found this article on. They also persisted in making fun of general parts of Indian culture. Changes due to westernization: 1. Intellectually indifferent, spiritually subdued and psychologically weak at that time, India had to adopt with the British authorities. Higher education was confined primarily to upper castes. Pillar after pillar in the edifice came crashing down. Besides a religious reformer, Rammohan was known to all as an ardent social reformer, staunch patriot, pioneer of modem education and above all the father of modem Indian renaissance.
In Pakistan this class has preserved and perpetuated itself. It is estimated 8,000 Indians a proportion being lascar sailors lived in Britain permanently prior to the 1950s. I often enjoy Steve Sailor's contributions, but not this time. Some Islamic scholars have attempted to construct a more positive view of the Islamic reigns in India, but continue to concur with colonial scholars in seeing pre-Islamic India as socially and culturally moribund and technologically backward. They destroyed the flourishing handicraft, trade and commerce. First of all, it is a mistake to talk about the British. Colonial education creates a blurring that makes it difficult to differentiate between the new, enforced ideas of the colonizers and the formerly accepted native practices.
Perhaps many of us do not know that India was the richest land till the British came here. However, the British rule ruined the basic economic structure of India. The Cause of Degradation: The Downward Filtration Method. The British in India were a diverse and complex group. The credit of origin of administrative machinery also goes to the British rule. This helped the spread of English education in India. Establishment of Universalistic Legal System: In the traditional Indian society, before the contact of the British the legal system had three important characteristics: 1.
In addition, much of the subsequent growth in the British Indian community has come from the births of second- and third-generation Indian Britons. He was required to pay a fixed amount of revenue as tax to the Company by a fixed day of the year. Most Indians during this period would visit or reside in Britain temporarily, returning to India after months or several years, bringing back knowledge about Britain in the process. It leased a nation coughed, chocked and groaned under the British hegemony which got soothing balm in the form of liberty in speech, action, religion and so on and so forth. Over the years, countries were worried that allies and enemies would control vital sector of the economy if they were allowed to trade freely. Above all, they introduced railways in India.
They were in favour of humanitarianism, equalitarianism and individualism. Riverine transport by boats was also prevalent. It was thus important to emphasize the negative aspects of the Indian tradition, and obliterate or obscure the positive. Jones himself was a great scholar of Sanskrit. Initially, the British did not try to change the existing system of education. Yet the pre-colonial Indian society despite building monuments and edifices that have held the world in thrall for many centuries is labelled as a society devoid of knowledge and education.
Printing machine helps in the transmission of modern knowledge as well as knowledge of the traditional epics, mythology, religious literature etc. This self-denigration that started with the 'modern education' has done us more harm than good. In 2001 East African Indians made up 16% of the total British Indian population. However, even today, infanticide is practised in backward areas in India. So at that point, if the science education did not come to our subcontinent the way it should have, it was the fault of the English, not of the Mughals. These people were targeted as the British had established medical schools in the Indian subcontinent which conformed to the British standards of medical training.
They put obstacles in the way of modernization by exploiting the rich economic resources of the country. Britishers have also preferred western subjects over Indian subjects. Under this system, the zamindar or the revenue collector of an estate became the permanent holder of the land. Here the Brahmins are respected and the peon belongs to that caste. A kind of a virtual reality is created to expedite this attitude of self-hate among the native population. We reserve that gesticulation for other purposes.
It is actually our inferiority complex instilled in us by our colonisers that anachronistically makes us think of Oxford and Cambridge as institutions which were disseminating scientific and technical knowledge in 17th century. Maybe, while ordering the cake on our next Independence Day our political leaders could invest a fraction of their second on this. Srinivas used concepts like primary westernisation, secondary westernisation and tertiary westernisation. Bhandarkar, Haraprasad Shastri, Rajendra Lal Mitra made the Indians conscious about the rich cultural heritage of India and their efforts injected new life and vigour into the benumbed limbs of the Indians thus their efforts also led the nation towards modernisation. The problem facing Macaulay was that Indians were numerous and The British were a handful. Instead of exporting manufactured products, India was now forced to export raw materials like raw cotton and raw silk and plantation products like indigo and tea, or foodgrains which were in short supply in Britain. What great civilizations they were! We all know that it is universal primary education that is important for taking the nation ahead, not just a few getting higher education.
Archived from on 17 July 2011. The best brains and the best energies are concentrated on evolving and applying western models and solutions. The Ryotwari System : In the Madras Presidency, Ryotwari System was introduced. Of the different ethnic groups, Bangladeshis 65% , Pakistanis 55% and black Africans 45% had the highest poverty rates; black Caribbeans 30% , Indians 25% , white Other 25% and white British 20% had the lowest rates. In 1844, English was made the official language. In contemporary academic circles, various false theories continue to percolate.
It was in the first paragraph. The land with the most ancient cultural continuity, the oldest living nation Greece did not physically die. Moreover, the British rule created the feeling of communalism, regionalism among the people of India, which led to the partition of the country. For instance, William Carey who bemoaned how so few Indians had converted to Christianity in spite of his best efforts had little respect or sympathy for Indian traditions. Another notable gift of the British to India is universal peace or freedom from external aggression and internal disorder. Are such structures — the ones Indian architects, civil engineers and artisans collectively built — possible without sophisticated understanding of mathematics, art and architecture? Take British missionaries as an example.