Migration accelerates the process of urbanization. Something similar might be said of the Industrial Revolution and other power-enhancing innovations, such as bureaucratization and the introduction of more destructive weapons. Today all western societies have been living with children born to unwed mothers and children belonging to broken families. This motivates the same group to look for something new again. Social change can evolve from a number of different sources, including contact with other societies diffusion , changes in the ecosystem which can cause the loss of natural resources or widespread disease , change epitomized by the , which created a new , the urban proletariat , and population growth and other variables.
Suspicious of material consumption beyond bare necessities believing it led to moral corruption. Thus in order to lead a comfortable life and to minimize the manual labor man started inventing new techniques, machines, instruments and devices. In many societies the political leadership controls the economy also. History is a witness to many civilizations that rose and fell due to the changes in environment and the catastrophes that occurred. Subsequent research has shown, however, that the patterns in different countries have been far from identical. Functional theorists are concerned with the role of cultural elements in preserving the social order as a whole.
Economic Factor The most adverse economic factor affecting a social change is industrialization. It is very vast and a complicated process. Rapid decline of useful animals, birds and plants will also create a number of problems in human society and influences social change. On the other hand, a low birth-rate means leads to decrease in the size of the population. Nisbet views social change as a succession of differences in time within a persisting identity. With westernization and enlightenment, people are arbitrarily trying to wipe out the kind of primitiveness that were holding them.
· Larger role of science in society to produce knowledge to advance society. No man has been able to find out their causes. But no can also hold that economic factors are the only activating forces of human history. Technology is the creation of man. The view regarding the issues children born out of marriage has undergone a change. In the era of Industrial revolution several inventions came to be made and machine system of production came into existence.
Functionalists see society as a system in equilibrium. In the third stage, man comes to rely upon empirical knowledge by means of which he exercises more and more control over nature for his own benefit. The physical, biological, demographical, cultural, technological and many other factors interact to generate change. A distinction is sometimes made then between processes of change within the social structure, which serve in part to maintain the structure, and processes that modify the structure societal change. Positive Effects: a The growth of population has a direct bearing upon the availability and utilisation of resources.
Change in anything or any object or in a situation takes place through time. Because human beings are innovative, they add to existing knowledge, replacing less adequate ideas and practices with better ones. No society remains completely static. Attitudes and values affect both the amount and the direction of social change. Satyug, Treta, Dwapar and Kaliyug.
He has regarded technology as a sole explanation of social change. Similarly the nature and quality of human beings in a society influences the rate of social change. Rapid population growth influences our environment causes poverty, food shortage and multiple health problems and thereby brings changes in society. However developing nations got this technology in a short span of time and it led to o dramatic population growth and a severe pressure on social services and natural resources including food production. Biological Factors : Social change is a complex process. Deforestation, erosion, and belong to the latter category, and they in turn may have far-reaching social consequences. Meaning: Change is a process.
A highly centralized bureaucracy is very favorable to the promotion and diffusion of change although bureaucracy has sometimes been used in an attempt to suppress change usually with no more than temporary success. Changes in technology have resulted in some fundamental changes in social structure. The mode of production in material life determines the general character of the social, political and spiritual process of life. Urbanization also causes social change as people migrate from rural areas to urban ones. Social change then is the result of that struggle.
Theories of cyclic change that denied long-term progress gained popularity in the first half of the 20th century. As a result, the changes are quick 4n material culture. Increasing population density may stimulate technological innovations, which in turn may increase the division of labour, social differentiation, commercialization, and urbanization. By contrast the Trobriand Islanders off the coast of New Guinea had no concept of change and did not even have any words in their language to express or describe change. By regulating the behavior of the people and satisfying their primary drives pertaining to hunger, shelter and sex, it has been able to maintain group life. Here in this unplanned change there is no control on the degree and direction of social change. It is seen that communities, which have more males than females, resorted to polyandry system.
It is strongly advocated by several sociologists, particularly by Tallcott Parsons and Morton. The birth of the institutions of marriage and family took place under the influence of the means of production of material means of livelihood. Social Change through Social Movements: Every society experiences both good and bad experience and development during the process of its evolution and progress. Unlike 19th-century evolutionism, does not assume that all societies go through the same stages of development. India, for example, discarded age long customs like Sati and Child marriage because of her contact with the Europeans.