Authority, control, influence denote a power or right to direct the actions or thoughts of others. An authority given to two cannot be executed by one. That portion of Scripture illustrates the human tendency, moved by pride, to seek independence from external authority and to establish self as the final authority in life. Nemo potest facere per obliquum quod non potest facere per directum. Children are to obey parents. When Pilate learned that Jesus was under Herod's jurisdiction or authority, the governor sent him to Herod. The exigencies of commercial affairs render such an appointment indispensable; business would be greatly embarrassed, if a regular letter of attorney were required to sign or negotiate a promissory note or bill of exchange, or sell or buy goods, or write a letter, or procure a policy for another.
Second, the concept of authority refers to the power, ability, or capability to complete an action. This rule of the common law has been adopted and followed from the civil law. Attorney, C 15; 4 Campb. Non debet cui plus licet, quod minus est non licere. The testimony of Scripture is that God has established three fundamental spheres of authority within which he delegates authority to individuals. These rules apply to on authority of a private nature, which must be executed by all to whom it is given; and not to a power of a public nature, which may be executed by all to whom majority. When the authority is to do something which must be performed through the medium of a deed, then the authority must also be by deed, and executed with all the forms necessary, to render that instrument perfect; unless, indeed, the principal be present, and verbally or impliedly authorizes the agent to fix his name to the deed; 4 T.
When Jesus commissioned His disciples, He gave them a measure of authority, too. Satan has authority to function within the parameters established by God. Believers were to honor spiritual authorities such as apostles who demanded compliance on the basis of their commission from the Lord. How does God in Christ exercise his authority in the dispensation between his comings? In general, an authority is revocable, unless it be given as a security, or it be coupled with an interest. For many purposes, however, the authority may be by parol, either in writing not under seal, or verbally, or by the mere employment of the agent. Nullius hominis auctoritas apud nos valere debet, ut meliora non sequeremur si quis attulerit.
Jesus was given the authority to forgive sins and to drive out spirits. Chambers 20th Century Dictionary 0. By whom the authority must be executed. Believers have the right to become children of God , and they have freedom with respect to the law. The right and power which an officer has in the exercise of a public function to compel obedience to his lawful commands.
The authority must have been actually given. Saul was sent to Damascus to persecute Christians by warrant of the priests. Has the authority of the apostles been transmitted through the tradition or by episcopal consecration? Rulers and kings have their spheres of influence , as does Satan , but Christ has been placed above all realms of authority. God exercised his authority through prophets, priests, and kings. The Bible is a record and explanation of divine revelation that is both complete sufficient and comprehensible perspicuous ; that is to say, it contains all that the church needs to know in this world for its guidance in the way of salvation and service. God has established spheres of authority in the world, such as civil government. Majus dignum trahit ad se minus dignum.
Law, 5, 195 7 T. It offers an authoritative norm by which all doctrine and principles must be shaped for both individual believers and the church. Evangelical theology appeals to the authority of Scripture because it views the Bible as the written Word of God, pointing beyond itself to the absolute authority, the living and transcendent Word of God. Influence is a personal and unofficial power derived from deference of others to one's character, ability, or station; it may be exerted unconsciously or may operate through persuasion: to have influence over one's friends. The question of authority is a fundamental issue facing every person, especially the believer. Nihil tam proprium imperio quam leggbus vivere. It has been holden that the name of the attorney is not requisite.
As to the form to be observed in the execution of an authority, it is a general rule that an act done under a power of attorney must be done in the name Of the person who gives a power, and not in the attorney's name. The apostle Peter provides the clearest example of what is called civil disobedience. The believer is obliged to obey those holding authority in those realms. An implied authority is one which, although no proof exists of its having been actually given, may be inferred from the conduct of the principal; for example, when a man leaves his wife without support, the law presumes he authorizes her to buy necessaries for her maintenance; or if a master, usually send his servant to buy goods for him upon credit, and the servant buy some things without the master's orders, yet the latter will be liable upon the implied authority. In rebus manifestis, errat qui auccoritates legum allegat; quia perspicua vera non sunt probanda. Legitime imperanti parere necesse est.
Furthermore, God has created human beings to live under his authority. The manner it is to be executed. Judici officium suum excedenti non paretur. The subordinate in the relationship accepts the ruler's orders, not by external constraint but out of the conviction that the ruler is entitled to give orders and that it is the duty of the subject to obey and recognize the authenticity of the ruler's position and orders. This use of authority indicates a social relation between at least two individuals where one is the ruler. The operation of the law is more firm and more powerful than the will of man. But it also assures us that God has given us spiritual armor for the battle and that we can be strong in the Lord and His mighty power.
No man can do indirectly that which he cannot do directly. Origin: autorite, from auctorité, from stem of auctoritas, from auctor Webster Dictionary 5. Jesus was asked by whose authorization he taught. But it does not require a written authority to sign an unscaled paper, or a contract in writing not under seal. One who commands lawfully must be obeyed. The delegation of power by one person to another.
In the Old Testament, the answer was clear. Often one person gives another authority to act, as an employer to an employee, a principal to an agent, a corporation to its officers, or governmental empowerment to perform certain functions. A delegated authority can be executed only by the person to whom it is given, for the confidence being personal, cannot be assigned to a stranger. The evangelical response to that question, uncovered in the Protestant Reformation, is soLam Scriptura. When the authority is particular, it must in general be strictly pursued, or it will be void, unless the variance be merely circumstantial. Strong's Exhaustive Concordanceauthority, jurisdiction, liberty, power From in the sense of ability ; privilege, i. God exercises authority over the church through the Scriptures, which impart authoritative truth.