Page, Jake, Blood: of Life, U. Drew University of Medicine and Science is named in honor of the brilliant African-American physician, famous for his pioneering work in blood preservation. In truth, according to one of the passengers in Drew's car, John Ford, Drew's injuries were so severe that virtually nothing could have been done to save him. Too proud to let his friends foot the bill for after-hours parties, Drew spent many evenings alone; he was frugal with the little money he did have, buying only necessities and eating the most inexpensive food available. Important Research In 1938, Drew accepted a fellowship at Columbia University.
By separating the liquid red blood cells from the near solid plasma and freezing the two separately, he found that blood could be preserved and reconstituted at a later date. A health center in Brooklyn and the Harlem Hospital Center blood bank in New York City are named for him. National Historic Landmark summary listing. Archived from pdf on 2019-01-17. In 1929, he started medical school at McGill University in Canada. Blood donated by blacks was stored separately and given only to blacks.
But athletics also played a role: in his junior year an infected football injury put him in the hospital for surgery. Born in 1904, Drew was the oldest child of a Washington, D. At Presbyterian, he worked with John Scudder on studies relating to treating shock, fluid balance, blood chemistry and preservation, and transfusion. And so it should be the aim of every student in science to knock down at least one or two bricks of that wall by virtue of his own accomplishment. On August 9, 1940, the first air shipment of blood plasma left for England via the Portuguese Embassy in. Yet he found himself up against a narrow-minded policy of segregating the blood supply based on a donor's race. Ambitious and competitive, he lettered in four sports, and won the James E.
This physician, researcher and surgeon revolutionized the understanding of blood plasma — leading to the invention of blood banks. A personality altogether charming, flavored with mirth and wit, stamped him as my most brilliant pupil. In 1941, Drew spearheaded another blood bank effort, this time for the American Red Cross. In 1935, he returned to the United States to accept an appointment as instructor in pathology at the College of Medicine of Howard University in Washington, D. Article by Sharon Fabian for Education Helper.
Army and the American Red Cross as the basis for blood banks. Still, he managed to graduate with both scholastic and athletic honors in 1926. He also established the American Red Cross Blood Bank, of which he was the first director. John Scudder and began study under him. But he also became a star student, winning several important prizes and fellowships, and graduating second in a class of 137, in 1933. Drew earned his medical degree in 1933 and stayed in Montreal until 1935 to complete his internship and residency. After the next year as a surgical resident, he was sent by Howard for 2 years of advanced study under a General Education Board fellowship to , which awarded him the doctor of medical science degree 1940.
Montague Cobb and Robert Jason in preclinical fields and J. In 1941, Drew was named an examiner on the American Board of Surgeons, the first African-American to do so. In 1938, Drew was awarded a two-year Rockefeller fellowship in surgery and began postgraduate work at Columbia University, earning his Doctor of Science in Surgery in 1940. Up until then, unprocessed blood was perishable and would become unusable after about a week. Drew was survived by his wife, Lenore, and their four children. He attended Amherst College in Massachusetts, where his athletic prowess in track and football earned him the Mossman trophy as the man who contributed the most to athletics for four years.
Periodicals Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, January 1941, p. Although his three passengers escaped the accident with only superficial injuries, Drew was not so lucky. In 1959 the Sigma Pi Phi fraternity presented an oil portrait of Dr. Washington Post, October 14, 1976, District Weekly section, p. Adams strongly encouraged his fellowship recipients to earn doctorates in medical science if possible. An outstanding athlete at Amherst, Drew also joined fraternity as an off-campus member; Amherst fraternities did not admit blacks at that time.
There he was granted two fellowships and was awarded his doctorate of medicine and master of surgery degrees. The automobile struck the soft shoulder of the road and overturned. In 1926 he received a B. Charles Drew Elementary School, San Francisco, Ca. Drew and three of his four younger siblings grew up in Washington's largely middle-class and interracial neighborhood.
Still, Drew and several other researchers worked to refine liquid plasma preservation techniques. If you see something that doesn't look right,! Drew hoped to extend his training with a surgical residency in the United States, preferably at the Mayo Clinic, but major American medical centers rarely took on African American residents, partly because many white patients in that era would refuse to be treated by black physicians. As medical director of the Blood for Britain project in the U. He had keen interest in athletics and won many medals for swimming in his early years. Not wanting to wait, Drew applied to the McGill University Faculty of Medicine in Montréal, which had a reputation for better treatment of minorities. On March 31, 1950, after working a long day that included performing several operations, Drew agreed to drive with other colleagues to a medical conference in Tuskegee, Alabama. Whipple at New York's Presbyterian Hospital, while earning a doctorate in medical science from Columbia University.