Jammu and Kashmir: Bhand Pathar or Bhand lashna, Rouff, Vetal Dhamali. This is one of the ancient tribal dance forms in Rajasthan, which is performed by the Kalbeliya community or Snake charmers. The women perform a balancing act by carrying a basket full of the harvested crop on their head. Some of the most popular folk dances performed across the Indian villages and cities are Bhangra, Rouff, Garba, Kalbelia,Lavani,Chhau, Bihu and Raut Nacha. It was traditionally performed by the people of villages to praise the Rain Goddess, Mari Amman and Gnagai Ammana, the River Goddess. All traditional dance has long been a sacred expression of faith.
All these folk dances correspond to the agricultural cycle. Bihu is a folk dance from Assam. This is not based on epics like Yakshagana but solely entertainment type. Garba and Dandiya Raas are two most famous dance form in India as well in the world. Karagam This is a folk dance of Tamil Nadu. Nati is one of the most traditional folk dances in India, which is mainly originated from Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. The criteria for being considered as classical is the style's adherence to the guidelines laid down in , which explains the Indian art of acting.
This classical Indian dance form roots from the age-old Sanskrit text - Natya Shastra. The natives display their cultural symbol by dressing up in furry costumes and performing this majestic masked dance. Odissi Classical , Savari, Ghumara, Painka, Munari, Chhau. It is performed by groups of dancers moving in and out with an almost military precision. Through this dance performance, people used to deliver some social messages such as warning for upcoming wars, leave the battlefield, victory and save water body of Tamil Nadu. A Lavani performance usually chronicles the story and elements of a man-woman relationship.
There are various musical instruments performed with this dace such as tharai, thappattai and lots more, and this dance is mainly performed during the temple festival of Tamil Nadu. Performers dance with the help of sticks in hands. It is performed in night by male artists in open spaces generally. Apart from that, you can also find some regional drama performances in Mathura and Brindavana in Uttar Pradesh during the Krishna Janmasthami and Holi festivals which are conducted with the same dance. Apart from this folk dance in Punjab, you can find some other similar folk dances such as dhamaal, fulka, siakoti, mirzi, fumnian, jhummar and sammi. Another major factor affecting their content are the festivals, mostly harvest.
The dancers wear traditional attire with the men folk wielding a sword in their right hand. During the Navaratri, people lighted their temples with some perforated pot style lamp and they used to carry these lamps or deep during their Garba dance also. However, the daankar is performed in Punjab. Odissi, in its history, was performed predominantly by women, and expressed religious stories and spiritual ideas, particularly of Vishnu as , but also of other traditions such as those related to Hindu gods and , as well as Hindu goddesses. However, the dance is also performed to themes related to , and regional deities such as Umang Lai during. It has roots in antiquity and developed as a religious art linked to traveling bards, temples and spiritual beliefs, like all major classical dances of India. It is story based dance performed along with dialogue and acting.
Local musical accompaniments are also there to compliment the dance steps. Dholki is a percussion instrument, which is also used in the Marathi folk theatre. During this festival, they wear some colorful dresses such as dokhna, jwmgra and aronai and they perform with some instrumental music. Theru Koothu is popular in the northern districts of Tamil Nadu. This dance is dedicated to Lord Jagannath or Lord Vishnu. Folk Dances of India : Bhangra Bhangra is a classical folk dance of and other regions of Punjabi community. Besides the temple of Lord Jagannatha, maharis were employed in temples dedicated to Shiva and Shakti.
Dancers can easily perform some social act through this dance form, and they can also generate some social messages through their dances. Dressed in colorful costumes the performers play skillfully with big sticks in their hands. Madhya Pradesh is well known state for its dances, traditions and cultures. The main theme of the song is derived from the love story of Radha and Krishna. This song is mainly dedicated to the love of Radha and Krishna.
Dhap is a musical instrument, which is made with wood, and one side of this instrument is covered with some animal skin. Meghalaya: Shad sukmysiem, Shad nongkrem, Derogata, Do dru Sua, Laho Nagaland: Chang Lo Sua Lua Odisha: Pala Jtra, Daskathia, Mayurbhanj Chhau, Mangal Ras, Sowang, sambalpuri dalkhai, rasarkeli , parbha Punjab: Naqqal, Swang Bhangra. The currently confers classical status on eight Indian classical dance styles: , North, West and Central , , , , , , and Bihu. The dance form is a way of paying respect to the local deity. Other folk dances of Andhra Pradesh such as Kolatam,Vilasini Natyam and Lambadi.
It is performed by a pair of performers who entertain the audience with dance, songs, and stories. Earlier people used to perform this dance as a symbol of their victory over enemies, but now tribal people perform this dance during their community festivals. The dancers wear masks of 12 different animals and perform to the beats of many percussion instruments. Other similar dances are, Kaalai Attam dressed as a bull , Karadi Attam dressed as a bear and Aali Aattam dressed as a demon which are performed in the villages during village get-togethers. Traditionally, this is a dance performed solely by men. This is one of the traditional Hindu dances in India where performers narrate some Hindu epic like, Ramayana and Mahabharata. As they were offshoots of the akhada system, goti puas also came to be known as akhada pilas - boys attached to akhadas.