This reflected the views of the French public but it was also what Clemenceau himself believed in. The population and territory of Germany was reduced by about 10 percent by the treaty. It had nothing to do with The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand , It had everything to do with economics and Germany was a power house in Pre World War One. The German Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference New York: Columbia University Press, 1941. This idea of revanchism had consumed generations of French policy and a clear opportunity finally presented itself. The German Empire from 1914 was split up, the military carved to the bone, and huge reparations demanded. Hobsbawm, The Age of Extremes New York: Vintage Books, 1996 , p.
However, the senior German generals said the the army was in no position to resume fighting. Soon after the Treaty, Clemenceau stood for election as President of France. They appreciated that the coalmines of the Saar would bring prosperity to France instead of Germany. They were shocked at the severity of the terms and protested the contradictions between the made when the armistice was negotiated and the actual treaty. Or was that a farce created by Keynes and supported by the German government who wished to avoid further punishment and humiliation? The Saar coalfield was given to France for 15 years, and Alsace-Lorraine given back to France.
The treaty restricted the Navy to vessels under 10,000 tons, with a ban on the acquisition or maintenance of a submarine fleet. This also benefits France in the way that France could march deep into Germany if Germany broke the terms of the treaty. Therefore, they had a hard time accepting the fact that they should have to pay for anything. The League of Nations lasted for 26 years and had some initial successes but failed to advance a more general or to avert international aggression and war. In the later years of the war, Paul von Hindenburg and had been in command of Germany.
For example when Clemenceau asked for the whole of the Rhineland to be separated from Germany, Wilson argued against it. For instance, for how much was Germany accountable? Essentially, Germany was forced to take the blame for World War I. The Covenant and the constitution of the League of Nations were part of the terms of the Treaty. Inflation reached the point where millions of marks were worthless. Syria and Lebanon went to France while Iraq, Transjordan and Palestine went to Britain. Combined with the financial penalties linked to reparations, it seemed clear to Germany that the Allies wanted nothing else but to bankrupt her. The Germany army was basically stripped.
The Allies responded by setting an ultimatum where Germany had to comply and sign within 24 hours or else the war would continue and would acc … ordingly be fought on German soil. While public opinions of both nations were strongly in favor of seeing Germany pay to the fullest extent, only France saw Germany as a potential threat to the future security of European stability. The League was based on a Covenant or agreement. This did happen — all the land Germany was required to hand over, was handed over. Furthermore, armed militias often called the Stahlhelm Steel Helmets organized across the country burnished by Great War veterans and armaments. This did not break Versailles. Updated January 18, 2019 Contributors , and.
The Versailles Palace was considered the most appropriate venue simply because of its size — many hundreds of people were involved in the process and the final signing ceremony in the Hall of Mirrors could accommodate hundreds of dignitaries. No German soldier or weapon was allowed into this zone. Not only were soldiers affected by the tragedies of the war, but civilians were affected also. They were shown the draft terms in May 1919. Therefore, the three main nations in the lead up to the treaty were far from united on how Germany should be treated. The British goal of stability was largely subverted by revolutions across Europe and France's demand for increasing punishment for Germany. Germany ignored the limits that the treaty placed on its rearmament.
Combined with the financial penalties linked to reparations, it seemed clear to Germany that the Allies wanted nothing else but to bankrupt her. Payment could be in kind or cash. While France argued that she wanted the western German frontier to end at the Rhine for security reasons, British Prime Minister Lloyd George feared that this would most likely result in a future conflict between the two states. The Versailles Peace Conference exposed the ideological rift growing between the Allies. She was allowed only 6 capital naval ships and no submarines.
President Wilson led the Democratic Party. The enormous losses on all sides resulted in part from the introduction of new weapons like the machine gun and gas warfare. However, in private Lloyd George was also very concerned with the rise of communism in Russia and he feared that it might spread to western Europe. Germany had to too negative effects they were nt supposed to have any army ,forcibly give Alsace nd Lorriane to France,germany industrial area were occupied,german colonies were taken away n given as mandate to the victorious power. The financial impact of the Treaty The Treaty of Versailles blamed Germany for the First World War. Much of the province of Posen, which, like West Prussia, had been acquired by in the late 18th-century partitions of Poland, was likewise granted to the restored Polish state.