He also fitted out a naval fleet to protect Gaul and Germany from the Vikings, and Italy from the Moors. It reads as one attempting to put down, to the best of his memory and the documents available to him, the highlights of a major figure's life, which means it is a very quick read touching on major themes in only the briefest of detail. In 1165, under Emperor Frederick Barbarossa 1122-1190 , Charlemagne was canonized for political reasons; however, the church today does not recognize his sainthood. He only lost three of all his children before his death, two sons and one daughter, Charles, who was the eldest, Pepin, whom he had made King of Italy, and Hruodrud, his oldest daughter. He spent the rest of the autumn hunting, and in January he was struck with a high fever, and took to his bed. He also sponsored more subtle missionary efforts, and encouraged the spread of Benedictine monasteries, and especially the copying of theological manuscripts.
Notker also focuses on the personality attributes of the King, such as his generosity, acuity of mind, etc. The lightness of their armor and the nature of the battle ground stood the Gascons in good stead on this occasion, whereas the Franks fought at a disadvantage in every respect, because of the weight of their armor and the unevenness of the ground. The Mayor of the Palace took charge of the government and of everything that had to be planned or executed at home or abroad. The first, written by Einhard, a contemporary of Charlemagne, is brief and barren. Lewis Thorpe, a scholar of medieval history from the University of Nottingham. Classical and Biblical references peppered both texts, especially Notker's.
But the nobles offered work full of all fatuity. He likewise designated the winds by twelve appropriate names; there were hardly more than four distinctive ones in use before. Notker is something else entirely. I also thought it fascinating when he said that the quote he just gave from Charlemagne he actually pulled from the Life of Ambrose because Charlemagne said it in Frankish which didn't translate into Latin well. Notker the Stammerer and the Monk of Saint Gall are probably the same person. Einhard was a monk in the service of Charlemagne in the latter part of his life, later Einhard married and was made an Abbot - in those days even monastic celibacy was not a huge priority in the Catholic Church, he wrote a careful, diplomatic, account of Charlemagne's activities.
In the midst of this vigorous and almost uninterrupted struggle with the Saxons, he covered the frontier by garrisons at the proper points, and marched over the Pyrenees into Spain at the head of all the forces that he could muster. Notker the Stammerer's account, written a few decades later, somehow has a more personal account. He sought friendships with foreign kings specifically so that he might provide aid to Christians in need in areas outside of his empire. He did have the model of the ancient Greeks and he didn't quite hit their standard, but different times call for different measures. Can't give it 5 stars, because it only has so much quality in the writing.
A charming, if biased, period source. The chief of these peoples are the Welatabi, Sorbs, Abrodites and Bohemians and he fought wars with them; the others, who far outnumber these, he received in surrender. The language is florid and the picture painted of the King larger than life. I especially appreciate the descriptions of Charlemagne trying to learn to write. He takes bits and pieces from Roman classics and write a hagiography of the emperor. The enemy were so routed and overthrown in these two battles that they never afterwards ventured to take the offensive or to resist the attacks of the King, unless they were protected by a strong position. Charlemagne is, of course, one of the most important figures in the history of Europe and understanding the life and especially the legend of Charlemagne is essential to understanding medieval culture and the entire history and mythology of knights, nobility, and courtly life.
Shedding light on the reign of Charlemagne, as well as his character, life choices, ambitions and accomplishments, this book is one of the most thorough and well-written historical biography you will find. But there are still other reasons, neither unwarrantable nor insufficient, in my opinion, that urge me to write on this subject, namely, the care that King Charles bestowed upon me in my childhood, and my constant friendship with himself and his children after I took up my abode at court. There was some question at first where to lay him, because in his lifetime he had given no directions as to his burial; but at length all agreed that he could nowhere be more honorably entombed than in the very basilica that he had built in the town at his own expense, for love of God and our Lord Jesus Christ, and in honor of the Holy and Eternal Virgin, His Mother. Look Inside Contents Einhard's Preface 15 The Life of Emperor Charles 23 I. The King, who excelled all the princes of his time in wisdom and greatness of soul, did not suffer difficulty to deter him or danger to daunt him from anything that had to be taken up or carried through, for he-had trained himself to bear and endure whatever came, without yielding in adversity, or trusting to the deceitful favors of fortune in prosperity. He was buried there the same day that he died, and a gilded arch was erected above his tomb with his image and an inscription.
He had nothing that he could call his own beyond this vain title of King and the precarious support allowed by the Mayor of the Palace in his discretion, except a single country seat, that brought him but a very small income. He called January, Wintarmanoth; February, Hornung; March, Lentzinmanoth; April, Ostarmanoth; May, Winnemanoth; June, Brachmanoth; July, Heuvimanoth; August, Aranmanoth; September, Witumanoth; October, Windumemanoth; Novemher, Herbistmanoth; December, Heilagmanoth. In accordance with the national custom, he took frequent exercise on horseback and in the chase, accomplishments in which scarcely any people in the world can equal the Franks. I love how in every time period there have been those who have despised everyt Not quite the vivid and personal detail of the backcover blurb, still, Einhard was writing centuries ago. Two revealingly different accounts of the life of the most important figure of the Roman Empire Charlemage, known as the father of Europe, was one of the most powerful and dynamic of all medieval rulers. Einhard's literary model was the classical work of the Roman historian , the , though it is important to stress that the work is very much Einhard's own, that is to say he adapts the models and sources for his own purposes. His background allowed him to be educated by the monks of Fulda - one of the most prestigious learning institutions on the Old Continent - and he quickly became a master of language, as well as a worthy history scholar whose literary model was the Roman historian Suetonius.
He happened to have a javelin in his hand when he was thrown, and this was struck from his grasp with such force that it was found lying at a distance of twenty feet or more from the spot. All in all, the book brought some clarity and corrections to my understanding of Charlemagne and the impacts of Christian expansion. Reforms After receiving the title of Emperor, Charlemagne realized that the laws of his people were defective. This is why he strove to make friends with foreign kings, so that he could give relief to the Christians living under their rule. Very many omens had portended his approaching end, a fact that he had recognized as well as others. There is a memoir of Charlemagne by a younger advisor who apparently knew him fairly well.